The basics of CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that is of immense use in various emergency situations including heart attack or near drowning. CPR keeps oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs until the victim gets medical treatment to restore normal heart beat and rhythm.

To perform CPR, keep in mind the acronym of CAB-Circulation, Airway, and Breathing. Circulation involves restoring blood circulation with chest compressions. You must put the victim on his back on a firm surface. Place the heel of one of your hand over the center of the victim’s chest and place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands. Now push down and compress the chest at least 2 inches. Push hard and give about 100 compressions in a minute.

Airway is performed to clear the obstructed airway. Put your palm on the victim’s forehead and gently tilt his head back. Then using your other hand, you must gently lift the chin forward to open the airway.

Breathing is the third step of CPR. It may involve mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing if the mouth is severely injured or it can’t be opened. For mouth-to-mouth breathing, pinch the nostrils shut and cover the victim’s mouth with yours, making a seal. Give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath and watch if the chest rises. If it doesn’t, give the second rescue breath. Give chest compressions to restore blood circulation. If the victim still doesn’t move, use an AED or Automatic External Defibrillator. You must continue with CPR until the victim shows signs of movement or emergency medical professional comes over.

To learn to do CPR correctly, you may complete CPR certification in Redwood City. Look out for reliable and renowned providers of CPR and first aid training in Redwood City.

Precautions to be taken in case of sudden cardiac arrest – Infographic

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) is a condition in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops functioning. The breathing stops and the person lose consciousness. In the absence of immediate medical care, death occurs. SCA is one of the leading causes of death across the world.

Regular diagnosis and screening and early detection can go a long way when it comes to saving the life of a person. Unfortunately, due to lack of awareness, many people fail to recognize the symptoms and early warning signs of SCA.

In the below infographic, we aim to make it easier for readers to understand the risk factors associated with SCA and the steps that can be taken to prevent it.

At Adams Safety we provide the best training by offering the American Heart Association CPR/BLS with AED for Healthcare Providers.

Sudden Cardiac Arrest Infographic

First aid for insect bites and bee stings

Insect bites can be quite troublesome. You may experience itching, stinging sensation, mild swelling, fever, hives, swollen glands, painful joints, and other severe reactions. By offering correct first aid to the victim of insect bites and bee stings, you can prevent the symptoms from getting worse and can also reduce the pain and suffering of the victim.

First aid for insect bites and bee stings

  • Move the victim to a safe area to avoid more stings. The first thing that you must do is remove the stinger. This would help prevent the release of the venom.
  • Now wash the area with soap and water and apply a cold pack to reduce the pain and swelling. To alleviate the pain, you may also give ibuprofen or acetaminophen to the patient. To provide relief from itching, you may apply a topical cream on the site of insect bite or bee sting.
  • If the victim is experiencing severe reactions, such as vomiting, hives, nausea, dizziness, faintness, or difficulty breathing, you must loosen his tight clothing and cover him with a blanket. Turn the victim on his side if there is vomiting or bleeding from the mouth.
  • If the victim is not breathing or he is not showing any signs of movement, begin CPR immediately.

To learn the correct first aid techniques for bee stings and insect bites and other emergencies, you must join a first aid class in Concord. Proper first aid training would prepare you to handle the emergency situation efficiently and save the life of someone.


Steps to Perform CPR on Infants

The Video titled ‘Steps to Perform CPR on Infants’ has been created with the central theme of creating awareness about the immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation that must be given to infants during emergencies.

The video invigorates:
•    Awareness regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for infants.
•    The necessary actions in sequence that must be taken immediately for further medical assistance.
•    Ways to exercise the steps in a proper manner, the timing and the methods.

Adams Safety Provides Pediatric First Aid Training and CPR Training in San Francisco Bay Area.

First aid for heart attack

Heart attack is the leading cause of death in the United States. Medical professionals believe that if correct first aid is given to the victim, chances of survival can greatly improve. We’ve earlier developed an Infographic to help you understand visually. Given below is the first aid advice for dealing with heart attack victims.

Look out for heart attack symptoms. Common heart attack symptoms include chest pain that may last for more than a few minutes or go away and come back, pain in the upper body, shortness of breath, sweating, indigestion, heart burn, light headedness, anxiety or rapid or irregular heartbeats.

If the victim is showing symptoms of heart attack, the first and the most important thing that you must do is to call 911. You must never drive the victim to the hospital unless you have no other option.

Give one 325 mg aspirin to the patient to chew slowly. Before giving aspirin, you must however ensure that there is no history of aspirin allergy or bleeding.

If the victim has stopped breathing, provide him CPR. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR can triple the chances of survival if given immediately. CPR helps keep oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs. When the heart stops, the lack of oxygenated blood causes brain damage in a few minutes. A person may die within eight to 10 minutes. Proper CPR can save someone’s life.

To learn CPR properly, you may join CPR classes in Millbrae. Complete CPR certification in Millbrae to learn how to save the life of a loved one in emergency situation such as heart attack.

First aid for drowning

Drowning is one of the main causes of death among children ages 1-4. Children are curious and they are attracted to water but they do not understand that it can be quite dangerous. If your child becomes a victim of near-drowning, you can prevent the tragedy by providing him with the correct first aid.

•    Get the drowning child out of the water as quickly as possible. If he is not breathing, place him on his back on a firm surface.
•    Open your child’s airway by gently tilting his head back with one hand, and lifting his chin with the other. Put your ear close to his mouth and nose. Listen and look to the chest to see signs of breathing.
•    If your child doesn’t seem to be breathing, send someone to call 911
•    Start chest compressions, imagine a line between the child’s nipples and place two fingers below its center point, (infant two fingers or children one hand or two your choice). Give chest compressions at a speed of at least 100 per minute. Depressing infants chest about 1 ½ inches and a child about 2 inches.
•    After giving 30 chest compressions, remove any water or other material (if any) from the mouth.
•    Put your mouth over infant’s mouth and nose and attempted to give two breath. Child put your mouth over child’s mouth and give two breathes and continue giving 30 chest compressions followed by a clearing the mouth and 2 breathes for two minute.
•     IF you were alone with the infant or child after two minutes “go call 911 and return and continue the process of compressions, clearing airway and breathes. Keep doing this until the infant or child starts breathing  or medical help arrives.

Parents and caregivers must complete pediatric first aid certification or join pediatric CPR classes in San Francisco to learn the correct first aid techniques for saving the life of drowning child.

Decline in Sudden Cardiac Arrest Incidence: Reports American Heart Association (AHA)

January 20, 2015, San Ramon, California: A report entitled “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics — 2015 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association” released by the American Heart Association (AHA) in January 2015 revealed that about 326,200 people in the U.S. have experienced emergency medical services (EMS)-assessed sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) outside hospitals in 2011. This incidence has declined from the reported incidence of 424,000 in the AHA’s Heart and Stroke Statistics–2014 Update.

According to the 2015 AHA report, the average survival rate in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases is 10.6% and among these cases, 8.3% of survivors have good neurological function. One in three SCA victims survives if the cardiac arrest is witnessed by a bystander. Bobby V. Khan, MD, PhD, Director, Atlanta Vascular Research Foundation, said that the findings from the 2015 AHA report suggest motivation and alert. Khan also stated that the U.S. continues to witness one in three deaths due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, there has been a notable decline in CVD events over the last 50 years. Reduction in CVD events in the U.S. is attributable to early recognition and improvement of CVD risk factors.

The AHA report also highlighted that 69.5% of OHCA cases generally occur at a residence or home and 25% of EMS treated OHCA have no symptoms before the onset of arrest. Among 25% of EMS treated OHCA, 23% have an initial rhythm of ventricular fibrillation (VF). SCA victims are witnessed by bystanders in 38.7% of cases. SCA is a condition in which the heart stops functioning abruptly and unexpectedly. Although it’s true that SCA is a primary cause of death in adults, but children are not being spared by SCA attacks. Approximately 6,328 individuals in the U.S. with age below 18 years experienced EMS-assessed OHCA. The report has provided valuable insights related to young athletes too. Most sudden deaths in youth athletes are caused due to CVD. Of all the CVD deaths reported in the U.S. in 2014, 54% of them were in high school.

The report also found that heart disease is one of main global causes of death with 17.3 million deaths per year. This number will increase to 23.6 million by 2030. The incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is higher in men than in women.

According to Khan, earlier intervention in SCA cases can increase the survival chances of victims, thereby leading to a better quality of life. People must be educated about things required to be done by them if they witness SCA emergency.

For more information, visit

About American Heart Association (AHA)

The American Heart Association (AHA) is the U.S.’s largest and oldest voluntary organization fighting for cardiovascular diseases and stroke. AHA funds innovative research, provides lifesaving tools to save lives of people and improves lives and fight for stronger public health policies. The organization includes more than 22.5 million volunteers and supporters who work every day to eliminate these diseases. AHA works for building healthier lives and nation free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. It provides science-based treatment guidelines to people and healthcare professionals in order ensure that every patient gets best treatment every time.

How to perform CPR on adults? – Infographic

Cardiac arrest is one of the leading causes of death in the world. A significant number of cardiac arrests occur in people with no risk factors. During a cardiac arrest, the breathing and heartbeat of the person stops. Providing immediate help can go a long way when it comes to saving the life of a person. With Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), the chances of survival of the person can be significantly increased.

CPR is basically a life saving technique that can restart the breathing of a person who’s suffered the cardiac arrest. It is performed with alternating chest compressions with mouth-to-mouth breathing. It’s a simple technique that can be easily learned. Adam Safety Training is a certified training institute providing American Heart Association BLS for Health care Providers.

In the below Infographic, we’ve tried to explain the correct method of giving CPR to an adult. The aim of this Infographic is to throw some light on CPR method.

How to perform CPR on adults

Chain of Survival Adults – Video

The Video titled ‘Chain of Survival Adults’ has been created with the central theme of telling customers about chain of survival for adults.

The video invigorates:

•    Awareness regarding Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA).
•    The necessary actions that must be taken immediately for further medical assistance.
•    Steps that must be taken when a person goes under sudden cardiac arrest including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and Defibrillation.

Visit American Heart Association BLS for more information:-

Significance of Basic Life Support – Infographic

Today, lifestyle of people has changed, which is one of the reasons of sudden cardiac arrests deaths among men. While, there are other causes among people, which also lead to death such as auto accidents and breast cancer, SDA has the highest percentage in it. At this juncture, providing basic life support to the victim becomes imperative. According to researches, there are lesser chances of survival in a victim without a basic life support. CPR is given as a basic life support and plays a crucial role in regulating circulation, airway and breathing in the victim at the time of an emergency.

Life is precious, whether it is yours, of an adult or a child. Basic life support knowledge allows you confidently save the life of anyone who is in need.

Significance of Basic Life Support