Monthly Archives: January 2015

Steps to Perform CPR on Infants

The Video titled ‘Steps to Perform CPR on Infants’ has been created with the central theme of creating awareness about the immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation that must be given to infants during emergencies.

The video invigorates:
•    Awareness regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for infants.
•    The necessary actions in sequence that must be taken immediately for further medical assistance.
•    Ways to exercise the steps in a proper manner, the timing and the methods.

Adams Safety Provides Pediatric First Aid Training and CPR Training in San Francisco Bay Area.

First aid for heart attack

Heart attack is the leading cause of death in the United States. Medical professionals believe that if correct first aid is given to the victim, chances of survival can greatly improve. We’ve earlier developed an Infographic to help you understand visually. Given below is the first aid advice for dealing with heart attack victims.

Look out for heart attack symptoms. Common heart attack symptoms include chest pain that may last for more than a few minutes or go away and come back, pain in the upper body, shortness of breath, sweating, indigestion, heart burn, light headedness, anxiety or rapid or irregular heartbeats.

If the victim is showing symptoms of heart attack, the first and the most important thing that you must do is to call 911. You must never drive the victim to the hospital unless you have no other option.

Give one 325 mg aspirin to the patient to chew slowly. Before giving aspirin, you must however ensure that there is no history of aspirin allergy or bleeding.

If the victim has stopped breathing, provide him CPR. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR can triple the chances of survival if given immediately. CPR helps keep oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs. When the heart stops, the lack of oxygenated blood causes brain damage in a few minutes. A person may die within eight to 10 minutes. Proper CPR can save someone’s life.

To learn CPR properly, you may join CPR classes in Millbrae. Complete CPR certification in Millbrae to learn how to save the life of a loved one in emergency situation such as heart attack.

First aid for drowning

Drowning is one of the main causes of death among children ages 1-4. Children are curious and they are attracted to water but they do not understand that it can be quite dangerous. If your child becomes a victim of near-drowning, you can prevent the tragedy by providing him with the correct first aid.

•    Get the drowning child out of the water as quickly as possible. If he is not breathing, place him on his back on a firm surface.
•    Open your child’s airway by gently tilting his head back with one hand, and lifting his chin with the other. Put your ear close to his mouth and nose. Listen and look to the chest to see signs of breathing.
•    If your child doesn’t seem to be breathing, send someone to call 911
•    Start chest compressions, imagine a line between the child’s nipples and place two fingers below its center point, (infant two fingers or children one hand or two your choice). Give chest compressions at a speed of at least 100 per minute. Depressing infants chest about 1 ½ inches and a child about 2 inches.
•    After giving 30 chest compressions, remove any water or other material (if any) from the mouth.
•    Put your mouth over infant’s mouth and nose and attempted to give two breath. Child put your mouth over child’s mouth and give two breathes and continue giving 30 chest compressions followed by a clearing the mouth and 2 breathes for two minute.
•     IF you were alone with the infant or child after two minutes “go call 911 and return and continue the process of compressions, clearing airway and breathes. Keep doing this until the infant or child starts breathing  or medical help arrives.

Parents and caregivers must complete pediatric first aid certification or join pediatric CPR classes in San Francisco to learn the correct first aid techniques for saving the life of drowning child.

Decline in Sudden Cardiac Arrest Incidence: Reports American Heart Association (AHA)

January 20, 2015, San Ramon, California: A report entitled “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics — 2015 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association” released by the American Heart Association (AHA) in January 2015 revealed that about 326,200 people in the U.S. have experienced emergency medical services (EMS)-assessed sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) outside hospitals in 2011. This incidence has declined from the reported incidence of 424,000 in the AHA’s Heart and Stroke Statistics–2014 Update.

According to the 2015 AHA report, the average survival rate in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases is 10.6% and among these cases, 8.3% of survivors have good neurological function. One in three SCA victims survives if the cardiac arrest is witnessed by a bystander. Bobby V. Khan, MD, PhD, Director, Atlanta Vascular Research Foundation, said that the findings from the 2015 AHA report suggest motivation and alert. Khan also stated that the U.S. continues to witness one in three deaths due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, there has been a notable decline in CVD events over the last 50 years. Reduction in CVD events in the U.S. is attributable to early recognition and improvement of CVD risk factors.

The AHA report also highlighted that 69.5% of OHCA cases generally occur at a residence or home and 25% of EMS treated OHCA have no symptoms before the onset of arrest. Among 25% of EMS treated OHCA, 23% have an initial rhythm of ventricular fibrillation (VF). SCA victims are witnessed by bystanders in 38.7% of cases. SCA is a condition in which the heart stops functioning abruptly and unexpectedly. Although it’s true that SCA is a primary cause of death in adults, but children are not being spared by SCA attacks. Approximately 6,328 individuals in the U.S. with age below 18 years experienced EMS-assessed OHCA. The report has provided valuable insights related to young athletes too. Most sudden deaths in youth athletes are caused due to CVD. Of all the CVD deaths reported in the U.S. in 2014, 54% of them were in high school.

The report also found that heart disease is one of main global causes of death with 17.3 million deaths per year. This number will increase to 23.6 million by 2030. The incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is higher in men than in women.

According to Khan, earlier intervention in SCA cases can increase the survival chances of victims, thereby leading to a better quality of life. People must be educated about things required to be done by them if they witness SCA emergency.

For more information, visit

About American Heart Association (AHA)

The American Heart Association (AHA) is the U.S.’s largest and oldest voluntary organization fighting for cardiovascular diseases and stroke. AHA funds innovative research, provides lifesaving tools to save lives of people and improves lives and fight for stronger public health policies. The organization includes more than 22.5 million volunteers and supporters who work every day to eliminate these diseases. AHA works for building healthier lives and nation free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. It provides science-based treatment guidelines to people and healthcare professionals in order ensure that every patient gets best treatment every time.

How to perform CPR on adults? – Infographic

Cardiac arrest is one of the leading causes of death in the world. A significant number of cardiac arrests occur in people with no risk factors. During a cardiac arrest, the breathing and heartbeat of the person stops. Providing immediate help can go a long way when it comes to saving the life of a person. With Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), the chances of survival of the person can be significantly increased.

CPR is basically a life saving technique that can restart the breathing of a person who’s suffered the cardiac arrest. It is performed with alternating chest compressions with mouth-to-mouth breathing. It’s a simple technique that can be easily learned. Adam Safety Training is a certified training institute providing American Heart Association BLS for Health care Providers.

In the below Infographic, we’ve tried to explain the correct method of giving CPR to an adult. The aim of this Infographic is to throw some light on CPR method.

How to perform CPR on adults