Decline in Sudden Cardiac Arrest Incidence: Reports American Heart Association (AHA)

January 20, 2015, San Ramon, California: A report entitled “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics — 2015 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association” released by the American Heart Association (AHA) in January 2015 revealed that about 326,200 people in the U.S. have experienced emergency medical services (EMS)-assessed sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) outside hospitals in 2011. This incidence has declined from the reported incidence of 424,000 in the AHA’s Heart and Stroke Statistics–2014 Update.

According to the 2015 AHA report, the average survival rate in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases is 10.6% and among these cases, 8.3% of survivors have good neurological function. One in three SCA victims survives if the cardiac arrest is witnessed by a bystander. Bobby V. Khan, MD, PhD, Director, Atlanta Vascular Research Foundation, said that the findings from the 2015 AHA report suggest motivation and alert. Khan also stated that the U.S. continues to witness one in three deaths due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, there has been a notable decline in CVD events over the last 50 years. Reduction in CVD events in the U.S. is attributable to early recognition and improvement of CVD risk factors.

The AHA report also highlighted that 69.5% of OHCA cases generally occur at a residence or home and 25% of EMS treated OHCA have no symptoms before the onset of arrest. Among 25% of EMS treated OHCA, 23% have an initial rhythm of ventricular fibrillation (VF). SCA victims are witnessed by bystanders in 38.7% of cases. SCA is a condition in which the heart stops functioning abruptly and unexpectedly. Although it’s true that SCA is a primary cause of death in adults, but children are not being spared by SCA attacks. Approximately 6,328 individuals in the U.S. with age below 18 years experienced EMS-assessed OHCA. The report has provided valuable insights related to young athletes too. Most sudden deaths in youth athletes are caused due to CVD. Of all the CVD deaths reported in the U.S. in 2014, 54% of them were in high school.

The report also found that heart disease is one of main global causes of death with 17.3 million deaths per year. This number will increase to 23.6 million by 2030. The incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is higher in men than in women.

According to Khan, earlier intervention in SCA cases can increase the survival chances of victims, thereby leading to a better quality of life. People must be educated about things required to be done by them if they witness SCA emergency.

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About American Heart Association (AHA)

The American Heart Association (AHA) is the U.S.’s largest and oldest voluntary organization fighting for cardiovascular diseases and stroke. AHA funds innovative research, provides lifesaving tools to save lives of people and improves lives and fight for stronger public health policies. The organization includes more than 22.5 million volunteers and supporters who work every day to eliminate these diseases. AHA works for building healthier lives and nation free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. It provides science-based treatment guidelines to people and healthcare professionals in order ensure that every patient gets best treatment every time.

How to perform CPR on adults? – Infographic

Cardiac arrest is one of the leading causes of death in the world. A significant number of cardiac arrests occur in people with no risk factors. During a cardiac arrest, the breathing and heartbeat of the person stops. Providing immediate help can go a long way when it comes to saving the life of a person. With Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), the chances of survival of the person can be significantly increased.

CPR is basically a life saving technique that can restart the breathing of a person who’s suffered the cardiac arrest. It is performed with alternating chest compressions with mouth-to-mouth breathing. It’s a simple technique that can be easily learned. Adam Safety Training is a certified training institute providing American Heart Association BLS for Health care Providers.

In the below Infographic, we’ve tried to explain the correct method of giving CPR to an adult. The aim of this Infographic is to throw some light on CPR method.

How to perform CPR on adults

Chain of Survival Adults – Video

The Video titled ‘Chain of Survival Adults’ has been created with the central theme of telling customers about chain of survival for adults.

The video invigorates:

•    Awareness regarding Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA).
•    The necessary actions that must be taken immediately for further medical assistance.
•    Steps that must be taken when a person goes under sudden cardiac arrest including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and Defibrillation.

Visit American Heart Association BLS for more information:-

Significance of Basic Life Support – Infographic

Today, lifestyle of people has changed, which is one of the reasons of sudden cardiac arrests deaths among men. While, there are other causes among people, which also lead to death such as auto accidents and breast cancer, SDA has the highest percentage in it. At this juncture, providing basic life support to the victim becomes imperative. According to researches, there are lesser chances of survival in a victim without a basic life support. CPR is given as a basic life support and plays a crucial role in regulating circulation, airway and breathing in the victim at the time of an emergency.

Life is precious, whether it is yours, of an adult or a child. Basic life support knowledge allows you confidently save the life of anyone who is in need.

Significance of Basic Life Support

How to safeguard your child from choking hazards?

Choking can prove quite hazardous for children, especially small babies and toddlers as they tend to put anything in their mouth. Most parents fear that their child can choke to death and want to keep their child from harm’s way. Here is how you can do that.

Studies reveal that 60% of the choking episodes are related to food. You should make sure that the food that is fed to children is cut into small pieces so that it doesn’t get caught into their wind pipe.

There are certain foods that can pose choking hazard even if cut into small pieces, such as nuts, seeds, whole grapes, pop corns, chunks of meat, raw veggies, and chewing gums and candies that are too hard. Avoid giving such foods to kids and should you give them monitor your child while he/she is eating.

Blind cords, telephone wires, and cables and plastic bags can also pose choking hazard to children. They can cling to the mouth or nose of the child and can restrict the oxygen supply. Children can get entangled in the cords and they may get suffocated.

Toys that have small parts that can be detached or can be pulled out easily are also very dangerous for children. If you have small kids who are teething make sure that there are no such toys in your home. You can instruct older kids to use such toys carefully.

Avail child cpr certification Oakland to learn how to prevent choking hazards in children and how to act in the event of any accident. By virtue of undergoing first aid training you can prevent further injury and can safeguard your child.

What are the benefits of providing first aid training to your employees?

Injuries can happen anytime and anywhere. No matter how safe and secure your workplace is, you can’t avoid injuries and accidents completely. It is the duty of every responsible employer to provide first training to his employees.

There are several benefits of providing first aid training at workplace.

Workplace first aid training includes injury prevention. Trained employees face fewer accidents and injuries at the workplace as they are well aware of personal safety. And because they spread the awareness amongst their colleagues, overall chances of workplaces injuries are reduced.

During the workplace first aid training, individuals are taught how to stop bleeding, how to treat wounds and burns, how to deal with abrasions, fractures, or how to manage someone who has become unconscious.

Trained individuals are able to take the best possible course of action in the event of accident or workplace injury. This helps save the lives of the injured person and prevents the situation from getting worse.

By acting proactively at the time of accident or workplace injury, trained individuals are able to prevent further injury from taking place. They know how to use the contents of the first aid kit, what to do before medical help is provided to the injured, and how to offer immediate relief to the victim in case of burns and falls, strains, and other workplace injuries. They are able to manage workplace injuries effectively and are therefore able to help both the victim and the employer.

There are many first aid classes and courses available in Oakland. If you want your employees to be trained in first aid and want to reduce their risk of getting injured, you can get the course tailor made to meet the specific requirements of your workplace.

'The United States Of Injury' – Infographic

Adamssafety brings another informative infographic on  ’The United States Of Injury ’ which is created with the big idea of showing the state of injuries in the US. This shows that many Americans are injured each year- at home and at workplace. Though many of these injuries can be treated with first aid, but people lack in the basic know how of first aid and commit several first aid mistakes. Taking a First Aid Training can help in many such cases where such mistakes are more painful than the injury itself.

The infographic adumbrates:
·         Most Common Home Injuries
·         Top 10 Workplace Injuries
·         Treating Common Injuries
·         Top 7 First Aid Mistakes




Help Yourself and Others with CPR Skills

Life is uncertain and you, your family member, friend or anyone can come across a situation one needs immediate medical help. While medical help can take some time, CPR can be given to the victim on the spot in emergency situation so that his life can be saved.

CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a well-known technique or training program that guides the basic steps to save the life of a person who has encountered a cardiac attack. There is no age bar to get into this training program. You can easily take out time from your work and join a short-term CPR training course.

With a CPR knowledge, you will not only be able to help yourself, your family members in emergency situations but also whosoever whom you would encounter at any random place.

Although it is advisable to keep a first-aid solution every time on a journey but if one has the knowledge of CPR, he or she can immediately provide help the victim to come out of the dangerous situation before the medical help.

So, do not wait anymore as CPR training is indeed very useful for everyone.

A Brief Introduction to CPR Training

Have you ever felt helpless seeing a person facing a sudden heart-attack in front of you? If you knew CPR, you would not feel the same.

CPR training or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation typically involves certain basic guidelines including tips to chest compressions and rescue breathing techniques while aiding a victim to survive in an emergency situation. CPR can be given to a person prior to professional medical assistance. In circumstances when a person faces cardiac arrest, he or she would immediately require help. Therefore, it is important that one must be aware of CPR so that he can save the life of an individual in time of an emergency.

There are plenty of centers that offering excellent CPR training courses without hampering your working routine. You can simply join a short duration CPR training program and learn the basic steps to save a life.

Since it is very challenging to deal with a victim who is fighting with life, your job is to prove how capable you are in saving the life of such person in the most calm and confident way.

How can you contribute in a pediatric emergency?

Children will be children. You can not expect them to sit at one place. They are tiny little explorers who are always up to something. Though we love watch them play and have fun, it is difficult to see them in pain.

Falls, burns, insect bites, drowning, and poisoning are the common childhood emergencies. Though it is not possible to eliminate these paediatric emergencies, you can definitely reduce their occurrence by being more careful and watchful. Make sure that someone is always present where kids are playing or bathing or swimming.

Then as parents or guardians, you must take up a course For Pediatric safety and First Aid. This will help you in understanding the symptoms of childhood emergency, recognising the injuries and administering the first aid.

Here are a few things that you can do to contribute in a paediatric emergency:

Be ready with a first aid kit. Your fist aid kit should have bandage, adhesive tape, antiseptic lotion or cream, pain killer, pain relief spray, cotton, and scissors. In case of falls or burns, you must immediately provide first aid to your child. It helps alleviate the pain and prevents the symptoms from growing worse till the doctor comes at the accident site.

Have emergency medical numbers-In case of childhood emergencies; it is of the utmost importance to seek the right and timely medical treatment. Make sure that you have the emergency medical numbers ready with you so that you get the medical assistance without any delay. Note down the numbers on one paper and put it on your refrigerator or on the kitchen wall so that you don’t end up wasting your time flipping through your phone diary.

If you are working and leave your child at home, you must teach your child how to use the emergency number 911. In case the child gets injured when there is no one around, he should know how and where to get help from.

Keep the medical history of the child handy. Keep all the past medical records and reports in a file and put it in a place that is easy to reach. In case of childhood emergency, the paediatric may want to know if your child is allergic to any medicine or if he is suffering from any disease or ailment.