Category Archives: American Heart Association CPR

Important Guidelines Offered by AHA

AHA or American Heart Association is a non-profit organization in the United States, engaged in promoting proper cardiac care with intent to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke. AHA is a leading COR education and training organization that help people to understand the significance of healthy lifestyle choice. Some of the dietary and other lifestyle related guidelines offered by Aha include:

American Heart Association

For healthy eating pattern: For healthy eating pattern, AHA suggests that you must consume a variety of fruits, vegetables and grain products (including whole grains). Further, make sure to include fat-free and low fat dairy products in your diet including fish, poultry, legumes and lean meats.

For a healthy body weight: For a healthy body weight, AHA suggests that you must limit your consumption of foods containing high caloric density and low nutritional quality. Also avoid foods with a high content of sugars. Further, maintain a level of physical activity to achieve fitness.

For a perfect blood cholesterol and lipoprotein profile: To get a desirable blood cholesterol and lipoprotein profile, you must restrict the intake of foods with a high content of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol. Instead, you can eat grains and unsaturated fatty acids from vegetables, fish, legumes, and nuts.

American Heart Association’s (AHA’s) BLS Guidelines

The American Heart Association (AHA) is the US’s oldest and largest non-profit voluntary organization which is dedicated to save the lives of Americans by making them aware of the hazards of heart diseases and strokes. The Basic Life Support (BLS) is one of the most important guidelines provided by AHA, which can help your loved ones in case of any emergency.

Founded in 1924 by the group of six cardiologists, this institution has now over 22.5 million volunteers and supporters. AHA is all set on its mission to reduce disability and death from heart diseases and stroke. And, to get it done, they follow the law of sharing knowledge: the institution believes in sharing and delivering reliable information about heart disease and stroke along with the BLS guidelines.

With their primary goal to serve the public, AHA has managed to save many lives and have given the hope to the public to fight heart diseases and win against these diseases. AHA is the nation’s leader in CPR education & training and help people to understand the importance of healthy lifestyle choice.

AHA BLS Guidelines

The organization funds innovative research, fights for stronger public health policies, and provide critical tools and information to save and improve lives. Their work helps to create new knowledge about cardiovascular diseases and provide the most authoritative information which helps AHA to make it recommendations to the public.

Cardiac Arrest in Women: Signs, Symptoms and Prevention

Heart attacks are believed to be associated with only older men but this disease strikes nearly one million people in America every year. Young men and women are equally vulnerable to getting cardiac arrests. Women should be aware of the factors that accelerate the risks of having a cardiac arrest. The health care provider can guide you about the ways to minimize the risks.

Warning signs
• Feeling chest discomfort in squeezing the chest in fullness
• Discomfort in other areas such as back, neck, and the stomach with shortness of breath
• Chest discomfort with nausea and light-headedness

Risk factors
Factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, high cholesterol and physical inactivity aggrandize the chances of suffering a cardiac arrest. According to the American Heart Association–sponsored telephone survey very few women were aware of the risk factors and symptoms of heart attack.


Cardiac Arrest in Women: Signs, Symptoms and Prevention

Aspirin is widely popular as a preventive medicine for deterring the clotting of blood vessels. It does decrease the chances of having a stroke or heart attack but can increase the risks such as stomach bleeding. Aspirin can be taken in low doses.

All women should consult the healthcare providers, who are required to assess your chances as per the risk prediction charts and inform you about preventive strategies.

It is better to be prepared in case of urgencies. Therefore, all women must take part in the licensed CPR classes to provide first aid to the victims.

Understanding the Different Levels of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Life threatening situations can arise at any time mostly when one would least expect them to happen. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the technique that comes handy in many of those situations to save the life of the person whose life is in danger. However not all can perform this technique without having the right knowledge about it.

To be able to successfully aid a person using this technique, one has to be well-versed with the process in which it works. American Heart Association is one of those few institutes which often press for educating people about such procedures in order to keep heartbeat of patients running until they can be provided with proper medical attention.

Training for AHA CPR process can be obtained in three levels, namely:

  • Basic Life Support: This procedure is meant to train healthcare professionals as well as volunteers in order to make them understand the criticality of providing early CPR. This can aid them in relieving people from choking, no pulse, breathing problem and more.
  • Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Often meant for healthcare professionals, this process involves methodologies to treat adult patients experiencing cardiopulmonary emergencies.
  • Pediatric: This training is imparted to healthcare professionals for treating adolescents, children and infants who are in need to emergency cardiovascular attention. This process also involves assessment of associated risk before the actual treatment can be provided.

Understanding the Different Levels of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

AHA updated guidelines for pediatric life support – Infographic

The given Infographic summarizes the updated guidelines for pediatric life support issued by AHA. Earlier in Oct’2015 AHA released the updated CPR guidelines.
New information or updates are provided about fluid resuscitation in febrile illness, atropine use before tracheal intubation, use of Amiodarone and Lidocaine in shock-refractory VF/pVT, TTM after resuscitation from cardiac arrest in infants and children, and post–cardiac arrest management of blood pressure.

Atropine for Endotracheal Intubation: There is no evidence to support the routine use of atropine as a premedication to prevent bradycardia in emergency pediatric intubations. It may be considered in situations where there is an increased risk of bradycardia. There is no evidence to support a minimum dose of atropine when used as a premedication for emergency intubation.

Invasive Hemodynamic Monitoring during CPR: If invasive hemodynamic monitoring is in place at the time of a cardiac arrest in a child, it may be reasonable to use it to guide CPR quality.

Targeted Temperature Management: For children who are comatose in the first several days after cardiac arrest (in-hospital or out-of-hospital), temperature should be monitored continuously and fever should be treated aggressively. For comatose children resuscitated from OHCA, it is reasonable for caretakers to maintain either 5 days of normothermia (36°C to 37.5°C) or 2 days of initial continuous hypothermia (32°C to 34°C) followed by 3 days of normothermia. For children remaining comatose after IHCA, there are insufficient data to recommend hypothermia over normothermia.

Post–Cardiac Arrest Fluids and Inotropes: After ROSC, fluids and inotropes/vasopressors should be used to maintain a systolic blood pressure above the fifth percentile for age. Intra-arterial pressure monitoring should be used to continuously monitor blood pressure and identify and treat hypotension.

For more guidelines go through the Infographic below:



AHA CPR Guidelines Update 2015: Top 5 Changes – Video

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that can help a person who has stopped breathing. Approximately 92 percent of cardiac arrest victims die in out-of-hospital conditions because of not receiving immediate CPR, but if more bystanders know how to perform CPR, more lives could be saved. The American Heart Association’s 2015 Guidelines Update for CPR also places much emphasis on high-quality CPR training for rescuers, BLS providers, and bystanders. The following video showcases top five changes in CPR procedure as issued by AHA in its 2015 CPR Guidelines Updates.

Updated CPR guidelines refine how deep and how fast chest compressions should be given to a cardiac arrest patient during an emergency situation. For adults, a rescuer should provide chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute and push down at least 2 inches, but not more than 2.4 inches. The new CPR guidelines also recommend allowing full chest wall recoil after each compression to avoid any damage to the sternum. See the video below to know more about the latest updates in CPR guidelines.

2015 AHA Guidelines Update for CPR – Infographic

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving procedure that helps in improving the chances of survival of cardiac arrest victims. The earlier the CPR is given to the patient, the greater are the chances of successful resuscitation. After every 5 years, the American Heart Association (AHA) releases a new set of CPR guidelines to help BLS providers in performing correct CPR procedure. This year the AHA has released the new CPR guidelines in October 2015. The Infographic presents the current recommendations for chest compressions, compression-ventilation ratio, compression rate & depth, and hand placement.

The basic steps for preparation of CPR according to the 2015 CPR guidelines remain virtually identical to the 2010 version. A bystander or BLS provider should check for responsiveness, activate emergency response system, and then begin CPR by giving chest compressions at 100-120 compressions per minute and 1 breath every 6 seconds. See the below infographic to know about the do’s and don’ts of high quality CPR.


2015 AHA Guidelines Update for CPR

[Press Release] Adams Safety Announces Its CPR Training Programs Support New 2015 AHA CPR Guidelines

October 19, 2015; San Ramon, California: Adams Safety Training, which provides First Aid, CPR, and BLS training in the San Francisco Bay Area and other surroundings since 1992, has today announced that its CPR, BLS, and first aid training programs support the newly updated 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC).

The 2015 Guidelines reaffirm many of the recommendations in the 2010 Guidelines and highlight the importance of quick action, proper CPR training, and coordinated efforts of community and health-care based resuscitation systems in increasing the survival chance of victims in cardiac arrest events. The new guidelines emphasize high quality CPR in cardiac emergencies, hands-only CPR for untrained rescuers, standard CPR for trained bystanders, and successful post-cardiac arrest care.

Over 326,000 people die each year from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in the United States. It is believed that over 90 percent of cardiac arrest victims die because they don’t receive immediate CPR from bystanders.  The 2015 guidelines say that high-quality CPR training for both bystanders and health care providers will help them feel more confident to provide better CPR to cardiac arrest victims.

All the training programs of Adams Safety Training fully support the new AHA updates for CPR so as to improve safety and overall wellness in the community. In addition to meeting the new recommendations, Adams Safety Training will provide more comprehensive instructions in CPR training for public and private employees, non-profit agencies, organizations, and general public interested in learning first aid and CPR procedures. The updated adult CPR, BLS, pediatric CPR, and first aid training courses provided by Adams Safety now include all the recommendations of the latest guidelines to help people act quickly in cardiac emergencies and save even more lives.

For more information on CPR and safety training classes and AHA 2015 CPR guidelines, visit

About Adams Safety Training

Adams Safety Training provides First Aid, CPR, and BLS training to the entire San Francisco Bay Area and surrounding communities. With over 25 years of experience in the safety industry, Adams Safety Training can tailor a comprehensive training for any industry. The training programs of Adams Safety meet the requirements of all State and Federal regulatory agencies. It also provides on-site trainings for groups in Northern California. Adams Safety has been certified and approved by the State of California Emergency Medical Services Authority – EMSA for Licensed Childcare Training. Adams Safety Training is an authorized training site for American Heart Association, American Red Cross, and American Health and Safety Institute (AHSI).


San Ramon Training Location
Bishop Ranch #11, Bishop Ranch Medical Center 2303
Camino Ramon Suite 145, San Ramon, CA 94583

Berkeley/Oakland Training Center
Seneca Center for Education & Training 6925
Chabot Road Oakland, CA 94618

Office Tel: 925-371-8435

American Heart Association releases 2015 CPR Guidelines

The American Heart Association (AHA) has released the “2015 Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC)” on 15th October 2015. The latest AHA guidelines, published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, highlight the importance of quick action and CPR training in cardiac emergencies. The new CPR guidelines place importance on immediate action taken by bystanders/rescuers to increase survival chance of cardiac arrest patients.

Some of the changes in the 2015 CPR and ECC guidelines are:

• The new compression rate is 100–120 per minute; previously it was “at least 100” and the new compression depth is 2–2.4 inches for adults and adolescents.

• New targeted temperature management has been introduced which will help prevent brain degradation during post-cardiac arrest care. Health care providers are required to maintain a temperature between 32-36 degrees Celsius for at least 24 hours.

• The C-A-B (Compressions-Airway-Breathing) sequence and compression rate should be same for pediatric and adult CPR.

• The 2015 guidelines call for an integrated system of care. The new in-hospital and out-of-hospital Chains of Survival involves everybody from bystanders to emergency responders to healthcare providers. The cardiac arrest victims’ chances of survival can be improved dramatically if everybody works together and knows their role.

The guidelines recommendations for bystanders and health care professionals are:

• Untrained bystanders should immediately call 9-1-1 and provide Hands-Only CPR. They should provide chest compressions at the rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.

• Trained bystanders should perform standard CPR in a 30:2 compressions-to-breaths ratio.

• While calling the dispatcher, bystanders should place the phone on speaker, so that the dispatcher can provide them instructions for performing CPR and get precise information about location.

• Trained rescuers are encouraged to perform resuscitation steps and check for breathing and pulse at the same time to get compressions started faster.

• Dispatchers should be trained to help bystanders recognize cardiac arrest, perform CPR, and check for breathing & pulse during emergencies.

American Heart Association releases 2015 CPR Guidelines


More than 326,000 people experience cardiac arrest outside of a hospital each year in the United States and often 90% of them die because they don’t get immediate CPR. The new updated CPR recommendations place emphasis on minimally interrupted high-quality CPR to help save even more lives. In short, quick actions by rescuers, proper CPR training, and integrated system of care can increase survival chance of cardiac arrest victims. At Adams Safety we provide CPR Training according to the latest AHA CPR guidelines 2015. Lear CPR, you could save a life in any emergency.

Is Hands-Only CPR effective?

Hands-Only CPR is a cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) procedure which involves providing chest compressions without mouth-to-mouth breaths. Nearly 383,000 out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrests occur annually in the United States, and 88% of cardiac arrests occur at home. Most of the people who experience cardiac arrest at home, work, or public places die because they don’t receive immediate CPR. Many bystanders feel helpless as they don’t know how to properly administer rescue breaths with chest compressions. Hands-only CPR can increase the chances of survival of the victim by providing only high-quality chest compressions without interruptions.

Why Hands-Only CPR is effective?
According to the American Heart Association, hands-only CPR can be just as effective as conventional CPR. More people are likely to perform hands-only CPR if they don’t have to perform mouth-to-mouth breaths. A victim of sudden cardiac arrest, receiving chest compressions from bystander, is more likely to survive without any brain damage.

How to perform Hands-Only CPR?
Hands-only CPR is recommended for use in teen or adult (not infants or children) who suddenly collapse in an out-of-hospital setting. It consists of two simple steps:

•    Call 9-1-1 and explain the dispatcher about the condition of the patient, location, or other specific information you would like to provide about the emergency situation.
•    Begin chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute till the emergency medical technicians arrive at the site for attending the victim.

Is Hands-Only CPR effective?

Chances of surviving cardiac arrest by a patient increase when bystanders provide only chest compressions as compared to when no CPR is provided to the patient.