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A Guide about Infant First Aid for Choking and CPR

Chocking usually occurs when a foreign object becomes lodged in the throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air. Often swallowing small objects is the key reason of choking in young children. As choking cuts off oxygen to the brain, it is important to administer First Aid as early as possible.

CPR classes Fairfield

When talking about infant choking, babies can choke on food and toys, slip under the water in the tub or a pool, and get caught in drawstrings and curtain cords. In such situation, it is important to verify whether the infant is unresponsive and not breathing. Shout to get the infant’s attention, using her name. If the infant doesn’t respond and is not breathing or is gasping, have someone call the local emergency medical help. Meanwhile, quickly but gently place the baby on her back on a firm, flat surface. Stand or knees next to her and start administer CPR. In case, baby is bleeding severely, don’t administer CPR until the bleeding is under control.

Not everyone can perform the right CPR; you must be trained to administer CPR. Therefore, take out some time from your daily life activities to take, infant and child CPR classes in Fairfield and learn how to practice the right techniques so that you’ll be able to save a child’s life in case of an emergency situation.

3 Alternative Techniques for CPR

The conventional CPR practice involves manual chest compressions along with rescue breaths. Over the years, a variety of alternatives to conventional CPR have been developed with intent to augment cardiac output resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Here is the list of some alternative devices and techniques for CPR:

Impedance Threshold Devices: The combination of Impedance Threshold Devices or ITD with active compression-decompression CPR is a better alternative to conventional CPR in settings with available equipment and well-trained CPR professionals.

Mechanical Chest Compression Devices: Although, manual chest compressions are considered as the standard of care for the treatment of cardiac arrest, the mechanical chest compression devices may be a reasonable alternative to conventional CPR in certain conditions where the delivery of high-quality manual compressions may be challenging or dangerous for the provider.

Extracorporeal Techniques and Invasive Perfusion Devices: Extracorporeal Techniques and Invasive Perfusion Devices or ECPR are another better alternative to conventional CPR for patients who have a cardiac arrest. These devices are also beneficial for the patients for whom the alleged etiology of the cardiac arrest is potentially reversible.

Adult CPR & First Aid

As compared to conventional CPR, all the above mentioned techniques and devices require specialized equipment and CPR training.

Where to Get the EMSA-Approved Child Care Training?

In order to find the EMSA approved child care training program, you can directly go to the EMSA website. The website has an up-to-date list of current approved training programs for child care First Aid, CPR, and Preventive Health and Safety Practices training. Search for the program that provides training in your area or in a nearby area. It is important to note that EMSA does not list every training instructor in the state. They only provide the directors name and the main business numbers of the approved training programs.

After finding the most suitable program, you can directly call the numbers provided on the website to schedule your training. Some of the EMSA approved training programs for child care First Aid and CPR provide state-wide training in various communities. These programs have around 800 telephone numbers. You can call any of the numbers to get the numbers of instructors in your area.


You can also take your child care First Aid and CPR training from the American Red Cross and the American Heart Association. Although, these do not come under EMSA and do not have to purchase stickers, send rosters, or be audited by EMSA, but they must abide by the EMSA standards for training. If they do not, then they can be reported to the AHA government liaison.

Bloodborne Pathogen Standards – Infographic

Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganism present in the human blood that can cause diseases in humans. The given Infographic will help to bring some facts about these pathogens into the light. Workers in many departments such as nurses, responders and health care providers are explicitly exposed to these pathogens that accentuate hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and many more disease-causing viruses. Workers need an exhaustive plan to protect themselves against such grotesque diseases.

OSHA’s bloodborne pathogen standards lay down the guidelines for employers to protect their workers from these ‘life-threatening’ pathogens.

Employers need to establish an exposure control plan. This plan will include the list of job classification which can result in occupational exposures. This list should also contain the activities and tasks that will lead to exposure for these workers. This plan needs to be updated annually and any changes in the technical facilities that will eliminate and curtail down the risk of the exposure should be reflected in the updated plan.

Warnings and signs can be effectively used for labeling the hazardous reusable sharps and containers that carry a great danger of causing infections. For the containers carrying and storing blood, contaminated equipment or HIV and HBV research facilities, during the presence of infected animals around the working area, the use of signs is incumbent for the employers to comply with the pathogen standards.

The given Infographic will delineate the standards for employers to reduce the risks involved with pathogens.

BloodBorne Pathogen Standards, Infographic

Major Consequences Caused Due to Occurrence of Cardiac Problems

Cardiovascular diseases form up a specific class of diseases that involve blood vessels or heart. The most common condition that occurs due to this disease is the heart attack. This condition is caused when deposits of plaque build up within the walls of the arteries. This narrows down the openings between them, making it difficult to allow proper flow of blood. This is what ultimately leads to heart attack.

Other reasons behind cardiac problems

There can be several other kinds of cardiac problems as well, the occurrence of which could depend upon the patient’s current physical condition. A few of those are:

• Heart Valve Issues: When enough blood isn’t flowing through heart valves, which have not opened up properly, the condition is called stenosis. When they don’t close properly, the condition is called as regurgitation. This disturbs flow of blood, causing it to flow in the wrong direction, thereby worsening the overall problem.

• Arrhythmia: This is the technical name given to the abnormal beating of the heart. This is caused when the heart either beats too slowly or too speedily.

• Heart Failure: It’s not a synonym for heart attack, but it does have similar condition too. This occurs when heart is unable to pump adequate blood as it should. This could become worse with time, and so must be catered to at the earliest.

Major Consequences Caused Due to Occurrence of Cardiac Problems

Things you need to know before starting as a babysitter

Have you chosen babysitting as a career path? Do you know about the various expectations associated with this job? Let’s find out what is expected from this role.

  • Learning first aid and CPR is very important. Always choose a CPR course near you. American Red Cross babysitter class is ideal for those aged 12-15.
  • Get all the required instructions and information from parents that you need. Gathering all the emergency information you need is necessary. You can even bring your own checklist and match it with the one provided by the parents.
  • Babysitters should know safe sleep guidelines to lower the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Put babies to sleep on their backs in a crib—not on their sides or tummies—to lower the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
  • Avoid shaking a baby or young child. Even children as old as five can be seriously injured by shaking. Take the help of parents in case the baby won’t stop crying.
  • Be prepared for a fire and other fatal accidents.
  • Ask parents where the first aid box and medicines are located.
  • Knowing basic first aid treatments is essential for every babysitter.
  • You should be well equipped to handle difficult situations like choking, minor scrapes or cuts, minor falls or head injuries, getting locked inside the house, fire, burglar breaks in or the child runs off.

Babysitter - Things to know

While working as a babysitter you need to impress the parents, winning their confidence is important. Parents will be happy when you arrive on time and if you share with them your experiences with the kids. Your positive attitude and following the rules of a particular home will overwhelm the parents. These are some of the basic tips which can be resourceful for both parents and babysitters ensuring the safety of children.

Bleeding and Cuts: Three P’s you should remember

External bleeding can result from injuries or accidents. Generally when your skin is cut or scrapped by an object, the injured area begins to bleed. Bleeding and cuts are often accompanied by fear and anxiety, thus causing the situation to worsen. Severe bleeding can lead to distress and loss of consciousness. Bleeding due to cuts or other wounds calls for an emergency first aid treatment to help the patient recover and prevent further damage. The best way to remember the first aid steps for bleeding & wound care treatment is to consider the 3 P’s concept:

• P – Position the patient first: Help the injured person lie down or sit in the most comfortable position. This way you can help to reduce anxiety and heart rate in the injured patient.

• P – Position the injured part: If the wound is on the arm, limb or leg, ask the patient to raise it to comfortable position in order to reduce blood flow to the injured area. Do remember that if bleeding is due to a major accident resulting in a fracture, then don’t move the injured part too much. People who take first aid training classes are often taught about the level of elevation. If you’re not trained in wound management, raise the part that’s injured without causing further discomfort to the patient.

• P – Pressure should be applied: For small cuts, remove the debris first and clean the area. Apply pressure on the wound using a bandage. Tape a fresh bandage when bleeding has stopped. In severe bleeding cases, apply direct pressure on the wound using broadfold bandage to stop further blood loss. If blood loss through the injured part continues, take the patient to the hospital or call for medical help.

Bleeding and Cuts: Three P’s you should remember

Emergency situations may vary in bleeding cases; the three P’s mentioned here will help first responders to give immediate first aid care to the patient.

How to Perform CPR on Dogs: Step-by-Step Guide (Video)

If your dog becomes unconscious, is unresponsive, or have no heartbeat, you must begin to perform CPR immediately. This video will help you learn how to do CPR on a dog in an emergency situation.

Pet CPR is appropriate when a dog, cat or other pet is experiencing cardiopulmonary arrest, choking, electrocution, or trauma. Pet cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving procedure used to help dogs that have stopped breathing. Pet CPR procedure consists of three steps: Positioning the dog, performing chest compressions, and providing artificial respiration. Before beginning the compression procedure, the dog must be laid on its right side on a flat surface. Compressions should be given at a rate of 15 per 10 seconds. Alternate chest compressions with mouth-to-nose rescue breaths. These steps should be performed until the dog starts breathing or gains normal heart rate. Equipping yourself with the knowledge of CPR can help you buy time for your dog in an emergency situation. See the below video to get a proper demonstration on how to provide CPR to a dog.

The History of CPR

CPR is an essential lifesaving technique, and perhaps, you know the correct procedure of administering CPR on a victim. But, do you know where did it come from? How did CPR evolved? Modern CPR developed in the late 1950s or early 1960s. Let’s have a look into the history of CPR.

CPR timeline

•    1960s-1970s
1.    Although, the Paris Academy of Sciences had recommended mouth-to-mouth resuscitation for drowning victims in late 1700s, but Dr. James Elam and Dr. Peter Safar are considered as the main discoverers of mouth-to-mouth ventilation.

2.    Later, Dr. Peter Safar wrote a book called “ABC of Resuscitation, but the CPR technique didn’t begin until 1960s when people began to realize the importance of performing CPR in life-threatening situations. The American Heart Association (AHA) became the forerunner of CPR training programs for the general public.

•    1990s
1.    Some health organizations started the Early Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) programs, so that people can provide successful resuscitation to sudden cardiac arrest victims.

•    2000s
1.    AHA and International Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) recommended the public to use AEDs on children.

2.    In 2005, AHA released a CPR kit that contained all information on how to use AED, perform CPR and save a victim during choking.

3.    In 2008, the AHA released Hands-Only CPR technique.

4.    In 2010, AHA modified the A-B-C procedure into C-A-B in order to increase survival rate for cardiac arrest victims.

5.    In 2015 around Oct the new guidelines are expected.

CPR has saved millions of lives over the past decades. It will certainly save millions more in coming years if people attend CPR certification programs and learn lifesaving skills.

What are the benefits of providing first aid and CPR training to employees?

No matter what the nature and size of your business is, you must provide first aid and CPR training to your employees. There are many benefits of providing CPR and first aid certification to your staff. The major ones include,

  •      First aid helps save lives. If immediate action is taken, one can help prevent the symptoms from getting worse and the pain and suffering of the victim can also be controlled. Studies reveal that CPR if provided on time can triple the chances of survival of the heart attack victim.
  •      First aid training provides correct knowledge to the trainees for handling emergency situations. They learn how to react in an emergency situation without feeling nervous or afraid. Trained employees are able to take better control over emergency situations, such as sprains, fractures, eye burns, bee stings, chemical injuries, cuts, abrasions, and other workplace injuries. By virtue of acting in the correct and efficient manner, first aid and CPR trained employees are able to save the precious life of their co-workers.
  •      During the first aid training, trainees are taught how to give injections, how to apply bandage, how to control blood flow, and how to use other contents of a first aid kit. This allows them to offer some relief to the victim till the time medical help arrives at the site of accident.
  •      With first aid training, employees become safety aware. They learn about the potential dangers and how to avoid them. This helps bring down the number of workplace accidents.

There are many providers of first aid classes and CPR training in Campbell. Look for reliable and reputed providers of CPR classes and first aid certification in Campbell and have trained and knowledgeable staff to handle workplace injuries efficiently.