The basics of CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that is of immense use in various emergency situations including heart attack or near drowning. CPR keeps oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs until the victim gets medical treatment to restore normal heart beat and rhythm.

To perform CPR, keep in mind the acronym of CAB-Circulation, Airway, and Breathing. Circulation involves restoring blood circulation with chest compressions. You must put the victim on his back on a firm surface. Place the heel of one of your hand over the center of the victim’s chest and place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands. Now push down and compress the chest at least 2 inches. Push hard and give about 100 compressions in a minute.

Airway is performed to clear the obstructed airway. Put your palm on the victim’s forehead and gently tilt his head back. Then using your other hand, you must gently lift the chin forward to open the airway.

Breathing is the third step of CPR. It may involve mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing if the mouth is severely injured or it can’t be opened. For mouth-to-mouth breathing, pinch the nostrils shut and cover the victim’s mouth with yours, making a seal. Give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath and watch if the chest rises. If it doesn’t, give the second rescue breath. Give chest compressions to restore blood circulation. If the victim still doesn’t move, use an AED or Automatic External Defibrillator. You must continue with CPR until the victim shows signs of movement or emergency medical professional comes over.

To learn to do CPR correctly, you may complete CPR certification in Redwood City. Look out for reliable and renowned providers of CPR and first aid training in Redwood City.

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