Ligaments are tough, elastic-like bands that connect one bone to another. They also hold our joints in place. Sprain occurs due to the tearing of fibers of the ligament while strain involves a torn or overstretched muscle or tendon. Sprains and strains are two types of soft tissue injuries, which may be acute or chronic. For acute strains or sprains, you can start initial injury treatment yourself by following R.I.C.E technique.
• R for Rest: Rest the strained or sprained part until it’s less painful. Generally, it is recommended to rest for up to 24 hours. One must encourage gentle movement of the affected part after that time. If required, use crutches for a leg injury and a sling for an arm injury.
• I for Ice: Use ice packs every two hours. It should be applied for 10-20 minutes, but never use it directly on your skin. Wrap an ice pack in a damp cloth before applying it on the injured area.
• C for Compression: Wrap a crepe roller bandage on an injured limb. You can also use specialized braces for ankle injuries. But, DO NOT use bandage or braces if they increase your pain in the affected area.
• E for Elevation: Elevate the injured part above heart height, so as to decrease swelling. You should avoid exercise, heat and massage if swelling persists after 24 hours.
As the pain and swelling improve, encourage movement in the injured part, but if symptoms get worse in the first 24 hours, then see your doctor for further medical advice.
Contact Adams Safety o learn the complete process of first aid training given to a person suffering from Strains and Sprains.