American Heart Association releases 2015 CPR Guidelines

The American Heart Association (AHA) has released the “2015 Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC)” on 15th October 2015. The latest AHA guidelines, published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, highlight the importance of quick action and CPR training in cardiac emergencies. The new CPR guidelines place importance on immediate action taken by bystanders/rescuers to increase survival chance of cardiac arrest patients.

Some of the changes in the 2015 CPR and ECC guidelines are:

• The new compression rate is 100–120 per minute; previously it was “at least 100” and the new compression depth is 2–2.4 inches for adults and adolescents.

• New targeted temperature management has been introduced which will help prevent brain degradation during post-cardiac arrest care. Health care providers are required to maintain a temperature between 32-36 degrees Celsius for at least 24 hours.

• The C-A-B (Compressions-Airway-Breathing) sequence and compression rate should be same for pediatric and adult CPR.

• The 2015 guidelines call for an integrated system of care. The new in-hospital and out-of-hospital Chains of Survival involves everybody from bystanders to emergency responders to healthcare providers. The cardiac arrest victims’ chances of survival can be improved dramatically if everybody works together and knows their role.

The guidelines recommendations for bystanders and health care professionals are:

• Untrained bystanders should immediately call 9-1-1 and provide Hands-Only CPR. They should provide chest compressions at the rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.

• Trained bystanders should perform standard CPR in a 30:2 compressions-to-breaths ratio.

• While calling the dispatcher, bystanders should place the phone on speaker, so that the dispatcher can provide them instructions for performing CPR and get precise information about location.

• Trained rescuers are encouraged to perform resuscitation steps and check for breathing and pulse at the same time to get compressions started faster.

• Dispatchers should be trained to help bystanders recognize cardiac arrest, perform CPR, and check for breathing & pulse during emergencies.

American Heart Association releases 2015 CPR Guidelines


More than 326,000 people experience cardiac arrest outside of a hospital each year in the United States and often 90% of them die because they don’t get immediate CPR. The new updated CPR recommendations place emphasis on minimally interrupted high-quality CPR to help save even more lives. In short, quick actions by rescuers, proper CPR training, and integrated system of care can increase survival chance of cardiac arrest victims. At Adams Safety we provide CPR Training according to the latest AHA CPR guidelines 2015. Lear CPR, you could save a life in any emergency.

Is Hands-Only CPR effective?

Hands-Only CPR is a cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) procedure which involves providing chest compressions without mouth-to-mouth breaths. Nearly 383,000 out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrests occur annually in the United States, and 88% of cardiac arrests occur at home. Most of the people who experience cardiac arrest at home, work, or public places die because they don’t receive immediate CPR. Many bystanders feel helpless as they don’t know how to properly administer rescue breaths with chest compressions. Hands-only CPR can increase the chances of survival of the victim by providing only high-quality chest compressions without interruptions.

Why Hands-Only CPR is effective?
According to the American Heart Association, hands-only CPR can be just as effective as conventional CPR. More people are likely to perform hands-only CPR if they don’t have to perform mouth-to-mouth breaths. A victim of sudden cardiac arrest, receiving chest compressions from bystander, is more likely to survive without any brain damage.

How to perform Hands-Only CPR?
Hands-only CPR is recommended for use in teen or adult (not infants or children) who suddenly collapse in an out-of-hospital setting. It consists of two simple steps:

•    Call 9-1-1 and explain the dispatcher about the condition of the patient, location, or other specific information you would like to provide about the emergency situation.
•    Begin chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute till the emergency medical technicians arrive at the site for attending the victim.

Is Hands-Only CPR effective?

Chances of surviving cardiac arrest by a patient increase when bystanders provide only chest compressions as compared to when no CPR is provided to the patient.

Which is the right CPR Certification Training Program for you

Medical personnel like doctors, nurses and laboratory technicians working anywhere may be required to perform CPR as a part of their duties. This video will help you know about the essentials to be kept in mind before choosing an approved CPR certification training program for yourself.

EMSA (Emergency Medical Services Authority) of California is responsible for paramedic licensure, emergency medical technician regulations, trauma center and trauma system standards, ambulance service coordination, and disaster medical response. Before attending CPR training make sure that it is EMSA approved or exempted.

Exempted training programs include the following courses:
•    American Health Association pediatric first aid and pediatric CPR
•    American Red Cross pediatric first aid and pediatric CPR
•    Courses offered by accredited colleges and universities

Gathering information like name of the instructor and the training program is important. Before taking CPR training you should call to inquire whether the course you are doing is a certified program and if the instructor is approved.

Visit the EMSA website ( to get a list of training approved programs.

First Aid Treatment for Asthma Attack

Asthma is the most common chronic condition in children and adults that can cause difficulty in breathing, coughing, wheezing, and chest congestion. Nearly 235 million suffer from asthma all over the world and approximately 25 million people are asthma patients in the United States alone. Though severity symptoms of asthma vary from person to person, but it can get worse suddenly. A patient’s lungs can cease to function or the heart may stop beating during asthma attack. One should know how to help such patients at the time of emergency. Here’s a first aid treatment guide that can help you, as a bystander, when a person goes on asthma attack.

Basic first aid treatment for an asthma attack:

•    Help sit the person in an upright position comfortably and loosen his/her tight clothing.
•    Help the patient use their own inhaler. If the patient doesn’t have any inhaler of his/her own, use the one from a first aid kit.
•    It takes 5 minutes for the drug inside the inhaler to show its full effect. Assist the patient in taking the medication after every 5-10 minutes.
•    In case the condition of the patient worsens, call emergency medical technicians by dialing 9-1-1 and explain about the emergency situation.
•    Provide mouth to mouth respiration to the patient till medical professionals arrive when the patient is not breathing.

First Aid Asthma Attack
Asthma attacks are preventable. Medically prescribed drugs are very effective in relieving asthma attacks. But one should never underestimate the acute conditions. Get trained in first aid so that you can help such patients in case of emergencies.

CPR Certification: Things to Know

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training is the most basic of all medical training classes. CPR is a life-saving procedure which is used in an emergency situation when a person is unresponsive or not breathing. Since emergencies and accidents strike anytime, anywhere, people take up CPR certification courses to save lives. Before you take up a CPR class, here are a few things you need to know about CPR certification:

Who requires a CPR certification?
Hospitals, workplaces, schools, and certain organizations need their employees to be certified in CPR as they may be required to perform CPR during the tenure of their duty. The list includes doctors, nurses, emergency medical technicians, teachers, child care professionals, fire safety personnel, and health workers. Besides this, general public should also attend CPR training classes so that they can help someone in case of emergency.

Which CPR class is right for you?
If you’re planning to get certified in CPR, you should choose the right CPR class that meets your basic and employment needs. For example, AHA Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers is an advanced CPR class, which is suitable for anyone involved in the healthcare industry, while Heart Saver CPR and AED training is geared towards people in non-healthcare industry.

CPR Certification & CPR Classes

Where to get CPR certified?
Various hospitals, organizations, and fire safety department provide CPR certification course. You can contact your local CPR training provider which offers traditional classroom CPR classes and blended courses. CPR certification is valid for two years, after which you need a simple re-certification.

Whatever your reasons for taking up CPR certification, it is a good idea to help victims when they need it the most.

Get trained in Pet First Aid Courses

What would you do if your dog experiences sudden cardiac arrest? What would you do if your cat has ingested something poisonous? Unfortunately, people, who are not trained in pet first aid courses, don’t have answers to these questions, but accidents can happen at any time. Having knowledge of how to provide first aid to pet animals when emergency arises can help you save a life.

Who needs pet first aid training?
Pet first aid courses provide the knowledge and skills required to respond efficiently and quickly in case of emergency. Pet owners, pet caretakers, and pet professionals such as dog walker, pet sitter, and pet groomer should attend pet first aid training classes.
Which pet first aid course is right for you?
A basic first aid/CPR class is good for pet owners, but professionals need to take up more advanced courses. There are specific first aid classes for pets such as dogs and cats & for specific conditions such as choking, trauma, poisoning, heart stroke, etc. Pet first aid course length varies from 2-4 hours and certifications are valid for 2 years.

Get trained in Pet First Aid Courses

How to get pet first aid certification?
Animal veterinary hospitals and animal safety organizations provide first aid training to professionals. You can find a local pet first aid training provider to get certified in Pet first aid/CPR.

Confidence and skills come only with training. Being prepared can help you increase a pet’s survival chance and buy some time until emergency veterinary care professionals arrive at the site.

Infant CPR and first aid certification – Infographic

Seeing their own child in an emergency situation is a worst nightmare for parents. However, learning first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) procedure can help parents act immediately and confidently in various emergencies.

First aid & CPR training for infants and young children is different than it is for adults. In a pediatric first aid/CPR course, participants learn how to recognize and respond to emergencies such as cardiac arrest and seizures; assess illnesses and respiratory problems; and treat wounds and burns in infants and young children. The best way to learn how to administer CPR or provide first aid to infants is to take a class that is approved by EMS authority or exempted. One can ask the local training provider to verify if the training program is certified and the program instructor is approved. Attending infant CPR/first aid courses is very important for parents & child care professionals because they can become a lifesaver for a child during a life-threatening situation. There are many benefits to being certified in first aid and infant CPR. See the below infographic to know why it is essential to enroll in an infant CPR training program.

Infant CPR and first aid certification

Why ‘Online-only’ CPR and first aid training is NOT SUFFICIENT?

You search on the Internet for ‘online CPR/safety training’, and you will find a number of organizations offering instant CPR courses at half the cost of traditional CPR classes. Busy professionals who are required to hold certain safety certifications often opt for online-only courses. However, the fact is that online-only CPR/first aid certification is not accepted by any government or regulatory agency in the United States.

Recently, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has issued a statement to its compliance officers (inspectors) stating that online training alone does not meet OSHA first aid and CPR training requirements. Only computer-based training in CPR and first aid techniques is NOT SUFFICIENT and would result in a Serious Violation of the OSHA regulations. OSHA believes that safety training programs need to be comprehensible and should include traditional classroom-based training, audiovisuals, classroom interaction, and interactive video. Only workplace training in subjects that are not related to safety (or when employee safety is not at risk) may be acceptable via computer-based technologies.

Why ‘Online-only’ CPR and first aid training is NOT SUFFICIENT?
No major nationally recognized training program or reputed training providers in the U.S. endorse online-only certifications without evaluating hands-on skills of participated candidates. So online safety certifications are not legitimate and one should attend traditional classroom training classes in order to get certified in CPR and first aid.

Skills learned in a first aid training class may need to be used on a friend or family member during an emergency situation. In-person instruction and hands-on evaluation are necessary to perform CPR correctly on a victim when required.

First Aid Training Courses for Caregivers

A caregiver is a paid person or unpaid family member who takes care of young children, elderly adults or people with health impairment. Caregivers regularly handle health concerns and other daily activities of the person they are taking care of. Both children and senior people are vulnerable to injuries and common health issues. That’s why it is mandatory for caregivers to have first aid training and CPR certification. Below mentioned are some of the training programs that should be undertaken by caregivers:

Pediatric First Aid/CPR for caregivers handling infants or young children
This is 9 ½ hours training program which enable caregivers to respond to emergencies by providing first aid treatment, rescue breathing, and CPR. Upon completion, you get a 2-year certification in Pediatric First Aid/CPR.

Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS): In this classroom-, video, and instructor-led course, you’ll learn about concepts such as pediatric assessment, basic life support, and PALS treatment algorithms. There is also a HeartCode PALS Part 1 training program provided by American Heart Association.

First Aid Training Courses for Caregivers
First Aid, CPR and AED Training for caregivers handling adults: The two organizations, American Red Cross and American Heart Association offer this training to people caring for impaired adults or senior persons.

Individual training programs: There are individual first aid courses for different health problems such as Alzheimer’s disease, Aphasia, and others.

These training courses have been designed to help caregivers acquire the necessary skills they need to provide adequate care to children and elderly people.

First Aid Facts & Statistics – Video

Did you know? Around 70% of people who suffer a heart attack die before getting any medical aid. Many of these deaths are preventable. However, in the absence of any knowledge and training, most people fail to provide immediate medical help to the patient. For this reason, it is considered important for everyone to know how to give CPR.

An understanding of CPR and first-aid can go a long way when it comes to helping an injured person. Providing the first-aid immediately can prevent the damage caused by an injury and in some cases save the life of an individual. There are many situations in which the medical help is not readily available. Be it spinal cord injuries, burn injuries, heat stroke or poisoning, there are many types of injuries where the patient needs immediate medical help. This video will make you familiar with some of the facts and statistics about first-aid and CPR.