CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a life-saving emergency procedure. Under this procedure, a person presses up and down on the victim’s chest (chest compressions) and gives a series of rescue breaths to help save victim’s life in case of a cardiac arrest. Here are certain key facts related to the history of CPR from timeline 1740-1972, have a look:
• In the year 1740, the Paris Academy of Sciences officially recommended mouth-to-mouth resuscitation for drowning victims.
• In 1767, The Society for the Recovery of Drowned Persons became the first organized effort to deal with sudden and unexpected death.
• In 1891, Dr. Friedrich Maass performed the first equivocally documented chest compression in humans.
• In 1903, Dr. George Crile reported the first successful use of external chest compressions in human resuscitation.
• In 1904, the first American case of closed-chest cardiac massage was performed by Dr. George Crile.
• In 1954, James Elam was the first to prove that expired air was sufficient to maintain adequate oxygenation.
• In 1960, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) was developed. The AHA started a program to acquaint physicians with close-chest cardiac resuscitation.
• In 1966, The National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences convened an ad hoc conference on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
• In 1972, Leonard Cobb held the world’s first mass citizen training in CPR in Seattle, Washington called Medic 2.
For more details related to the history of CPR, please refer the given infographic.